When you understand how the words are formed, it’s much easier to memorize them. In this series of lessonsm we take a word, show you its most common derivatives and the examples of their use. This way you can see the patterns of word formation in Russian and learn a whole bunch of new words at once.

Today we have a verb, it’s the verb «гулять» which means to walk, to stroll.

The audio in Russian will help you practice the pronunciation of all the words and phrases of today’s lesson.

Глаголы (verbs)

гуля́ть [глагол. несов.]to take a walk, to stay out of doors, to be in the fresh air; to have time off, to have free time
– он гуля́ет в па́рке – he is taking a walk in the park
– гуля́ть так гуля́ть! – let’s paint the town red!
– у него́ ве́тер гуля́ет в голове́ – he is a thoughtless fellow
– гуля́ть по рука́м – change hands
– её муж гуля́ет на стороне́ – her husband is unfaithful

прогуля́ть [глагол. сов.]to walk, to stroll about; to miss
– прогуля́ть весь день – to spend the whole day walking
– прогуля́ть уро́ки – to play truant, to shirk school

прогу́ливать [глагол. несов.]to be absent from work (without good reason), to shirk work, to miss

Russian Pod 101

прогу́ливаться [глагол. несов.] | прогуля́ться [глагол. сов.]to take a walk / stroll; to promenade
– пойти́ прогуля́ться – to go for a walk / stroll

выгу́ливать [глагол. несов.]to walk (over)
– выгу́ливать соба́ку – to walk the dog

загуля́ть [глагол. сов.]to go on a spree, to be unfaithful, to go (with)

загуля́ть [глагол. сов.]to go on a spree, to be unfaithful, to go (with)
– её муж гуля́ет на стороне́ – her husband is unfaithful

догу́ливать [глагол. несов.]
– догу́ливать после́дние дни (пе́ред) – enjoy one’s last days (before)

догуля́ться [глагол. сов.]to end up (with)
– догуля́ться до просту́ды – end up with a bad cold (as a result of long walks)

Существительные (nouns)

гуля́нка [сущ. ж.]party, merrymaking

гуля́нье [сущ. ж.]walk, stroll; outdoor fête
– наро́дное гуля́нье – street festivities

прогу́лка [сущ. ж.]walk
– увесели́тельная прогу́лка – jaunt
– прогу́лка верхо́м – ride

гулёна [сущ. ж.]lover of walking, lover of outings

гуля́ка [сущ. ж.]reveller

загу́л [сущ. ж.]revelry, spree, carousal
– пусти́ться в загу́л – to go on a spree

прогу́л [сущ. ж.]truancy, absence (from work)
– увольня́ть за прогу́лы – to dismiss for absence from work

Прилагательные (adjectives)

гуля́щий [сущ. ж.]wanton, promiscuous
– гуля́щая де́вка – wanton girl

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